Literary theory is a body of logically derived and not easily refutable ideas in a systematic manner, so to use them while critically interpreting a literary text. Harvey Shapiro Boston is one of many individuals across the world that has a keen interest in literary theory. He is an educator and academician who studied Political Science and Jewish history at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Literary theory is closely linked with literary criticism. On the whole, one can understand that critically interpreting any literary text with a certain literary theory in mind is called literary criticism.
Literary theory is a school of thought or style involving literary analysis that provides readers with a means to critique the principles and ideas of literature. Hermeneutics is another term for literary theory and it is applied to the interpretation of a piece of literature. Literary theory tends to examine a cross-section of literature from a particular era, geographical location or even from writers belonging to a particular background or identity with the aim of drawing conclusions about the similarities and differences in literary works of similar types. There are a number of schools of literary theory. This includes post-modernist theory and feminist theory as well. Literary theory aids readers in gaining a deeper understanding while also reading literature by opting to draw on a critical theory to gain an improved insight into literary texts.
The literary theory facilitates a broad appreciation of global literature. By opting to read text through the lens of literary theory, people can eventually gain a brand new perspective in terms of understanding literature in an improved and in-depth manner. They will also get to learn more about the intentions of diverse authors, as well as improve the quality of literature for both authors and readers on the whole. Literary theory can contribute to influencing literature, and challenging texts to evolve into new territories.
There are many different schools of literary theory that give readers a special vocabulary to dissect any given literary text, practical criticism, cultural studies and formalism being some of key ones. Academicians like Harvey Shapiro Boston often have an interest in exploring diverse schools of literary theory. Practical criticism encourages readers to examine the text without considering any of the outside contexts, which includes the authors, the date and the place of writing. It can also include any kind of other contextual information that may enlighten the reader. Cultural studies, on the other hand, involve direct opposition to practical criticism. The cultural theory basically aims at examining a text within the context of its socio-cultural environment. Discerning cultural critics believe that a text must be read wholly through the lens of the cultural context of the text. Formalism ultimately focuses on compelling the readers to judge the artistic merit of literature by opting to examine its formal elements. This can include language and technical skills. Formalism helps in favouring a literary canon of works that can exemplify the highest standards of literature.