Ovarian cancer is a widespread phenomenon affecting women and one in which a significant percentage of women fail to recover. Dr Cletus Georges, a specialized Urologist, informs about why most women succumb to death after being diagnosed with ovarian cancer.
To put it simply, the fact is that there is no standard screening test to diagnose this kind of cancer. Doctors use a combination of tests to diagnose ovarian cancer. Biopsy, lab tests, physical tests and imaging exams are diagnostic methods used to detect this cancer.
According to experts, this type of cancer has four stages. In its initial stages, the cancer is found only in the ovary; however, as it proceeds to the later stages, it has spread to the organs that are even far away from the ovary.
As a treatment, doctors use surgery and chemotherapy to treat it. If it is diagnosed at the earlier stages when the tumor is small, it is operated upon and attempted to be removed. Unfortunately, though, it has been noticed for almost 20 years now that the options to treat this cancer variant are very limited.
The urologist Dr Cletus Georges agrees with the fact that ovarian cancer is a ‘silent killer’. This phrase is aptly associated with this kind of cancer because it has already spread to other vital organs by the time it is detected. Unfortunately, the time it is found out, it has, in almost all cases, gone to a phase beyond repair. The symptoms for this cancer type are extremely vague.
The symptoms related to ovarian cancer can easily be thought to belong to some other ailment. Some of the symptoms include abdominal aches, feeling full after eating only a little, bloating, irregularities in the menstrual cycle, the frequent urge of urination, and experiencing pain during and after intercourse. Among these, the changes in urination are mostly considered a symptom of urinary tract infection (UTI), as is rightly pointed out by experienced Dr Cletus Georges. Additionally, the lack of a custom screening test makes things worse for ovarian cancer detection.
Colon cancer is easily detected with the help of colonoscopy; cervical cancer is detected with a Pap test, but sadly ovarian cancer does not have any such test. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force puts forward the truth that having a direct screening test increases the risk rate for a patient with such cancer.
Therefore, a combination of tests such as the transvaginal ultrasound (TVU), blood tests, pelvic exam and surgical staging area is used for this diagnosis. Ideally, the patient should be asked to visit a gynecologiconcologist (GO) when it is detected. The GO could ask for some tests to become entirely sure of the presence of cancer and its status. The treatment for ovarian cancer is begun immediately, and surgery is the most recommended treatment along with chemotherapy. With the removal of the tumor, the danger of death is mostly averted.
To conclude, it should be mentioned that paying attention to the symptoms is very important—the earlier the detection, the better the treatment.