Hazardous waste transportation is a complex process. It is important to choose the best option for your company and disposal needs. However, with so many options available and differing regulations across the U.S., it can be difficult to find one that suits your needs. This article will help you understand the different types of transporte de residuos peligrosos and how to choose one that is best for your company.
Hazardous waste transportation choices vary widely by distance. If you are in need of a hazardous waste disposal company within your state, it is most likely that you will be allowed only one option: transport by truck. Trucking is inexpensive (when compared with air or rail) but requires the vehicle to stop at several locations for pre-treatment, final treatment and ultimate disposal. However, transporting by truck is cost effective and the most dependable option.
A common misconception is that all hazardous waste must be pre-treated before transportation. There are several methods of pre-treatment, including incineration and recycling. Each method reduces the volume of waste that must be transported but requires additional time and cost. Depending on your company’s needs, you have the option to choose between different pre-treatment methods.
Once you have chosen a hazardous waste disposal method, you will also need to choose a specific type of disposal site. The actual location is not as important as the treatment process that takes place at the facility prior to final removal. Many disposal sites offer incineration, which reduces the volume of waste and harmful chemicals, as well as recyclable materials. Some are even able to handle mixed waste.
Rail transportation is typically reserved for large volumes of hazardous waste that cannot be transported by truck. It is slightly more expensive than trucking but far less expensive than air transport. Railcars can be combined with trucks for better efficiency on routes that are too long for railcars alone. In addition, railcars are not subject to the same regulations as trucks and can travel on regular roads.
Air transportation is used in cases where the waste cannot be pre-treated or when the volume of waste is too large for transport by rail. Air cargo is more expensive than trucking, but allows companies to dispose of large volumes of waste and to operate with less down time. However, air transport requires special permits issued by the EPA and FAA that require additional knowledge and paperwork.
Truck transportation of hazardous waste is the most economical option. However, it requires stopping at several treatment facilities and final disposal sites along the way. Trucking also requires additional truck inspections and is not always adequate for large volumes of waste. In addition, there is always the possibility that something could go wrong during your shipment, which could result in heavy fines and penalties.